奇速英语精心整理:近三年中考英语听力中最常考的16大场景关键词(2)

Topic7 就餐与饮食

表示就餐的短语

Help yourself to..你吃/喝点 Something to eat一些吃的东西Something to drink一些喝的


常用句型

(服务员)

1.Would you like something (to eat/to drink)?你想要(吃/喝)点什么吗?

2.What would you like (to have)?你想要吃点什么?

3.Would you like some more...?你还要点吗?

4.Are you ready to order,sir?/Can/May I take your order now?现在可以请你点餐了吗?


(顾客)

1.Help yourself to...你吃/喝点吧。

2.Make yourself at home.请随便吃,不要客气。

3.Well ,just a little,please.好的,请来一点儿。

4.No,thanks.谢谢,不要了。

5.I"m full,thank you.谢谢,我吃饱了。


Topic8 健康与就医

话题概述

在中考中应注意:西方人听到自己的亲人、朋友或熟人等谈到有关身体健康的问题时,如“I think I have a bad cold.”通常回答:“I"m sorry to hear that.”或“You"d better see a doctor.”。但如果是说给医生,医生则不能用上述答话,而需用“Take it easy.”来回答。

表示生病的短语

Have (got)a headache头疼 Have a cough咳嗽

Take one"s temperature量体温 Have a fever发烧

Have a cold感冒 Nothing serious没有什么严重的


常用句型

(医生)

1.What"s wrong/the matter/the trouble with you?你有什么不舒服吗?

2.Is there anything wrong with you?你哪里不舒服?

3.You"d better have a good rest.你最好好好休息一下。

4.Take this medicine three times a day.这药每天吃三次。

5.Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. 多喝水,好好休息。


(病人)

1.I fell terrible/bad/ill/sick.我感到很不舒服。

2.I don"t feel well./I"m not feeling well.我感到不舒服。

3.I"ve got a cough(headache, toothache).我咳嗽/头疼/牙疼。

4.I don"t fell well.我感觉不舒服。

5.There"s something wrong with...我的……不舒服。


Topic9 购物

与购物有关的词汇、短语:

Size(large, medium, small)型号(大,中,小),color(yellow, black, blue, pink)颜色(黄色,黑色,蓝色,粉红),sell, buy,on sale(减价),price, cheap, expensive, money等。


常用句型

(售货员)

1.Can/May I help you?=What can I do for you?您要买点什么?(能为您做点什么吗?)

2.How many/much would you like?您要多少……?

3.What color/size/kind would you like?您要什么颜色/尺寸/种类的?

4.What/How about this one?这个怎么样?

5.Here"s your change. 给你的找零。


(顾客)

1.I want/I"d like a pair of shoes.我想要买一双鞋。

2.How much is it/are they?价格多少?

3.May I try it on?能试穿一下吗?

4.It"s too big/small.它太大/小了。

5.Sorry,it"s too expensive.对不起,它太贵了。

6.Do you have anything cheaper?有便宜点的吗?

7.Do you have other colors/sizes/kinds?你有其它颜色/尺寸/种类的吗?

8.Well,I"ll think about it. 哦,我考虑一下吧。



Topic10 旅游与计划

与旅游与计划有关的词汇、短语:

Walk 走路,fly 飞行,on foot 步行,by bus 乘坐公共汽车,by train 乘火车,ride a bike 骑自行车, by ship 坐轮船,by plane 乘飞机,No.3 bus 3号公共汽车


常用句型

1. The train leaves at 8:00 am and arrives at 12:00 am.火车八点发车十二点到达。

2. I just came back from... 我刚好从……回来。

3. have gone to... 他们去了还没回…… 4. have been to 去了已经回

5. I want to fly to Washington next week. 我想下周乘飞机去华盛顿。

6. I hope you have a good trip. 玩得快乐!


Topic11 谈论天气

与天气有关的词汇、短语:

(1)Describing weather (sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, hot, warm, cold,cool,etc.)描述天气(阳光明媚的、多云的、有风的、下雨的、热的、暖和的、冷的、凉爽的、等等)

(2)Understanding weather reports (conditions, temperature, rain, snow, wind, sun, cloud,etc.)理解天气预报(条件、温度、雨、雪、风、太阳、云、等等)

(3)Dressing for the weather (coat, hat, umbrella, raincoat, overcoat, windbreaker, etc.) 针对天气的穿着(外套、帽子、雨伞、雨衣、大衣、防风上衣、等等)


常用句型

1.What"s the weather like today?今天天气怎么样?

2.How"s the weather in Beijing?北京天气如何?

3.What a cold/hot day today! 今天天气真冷/真热!

经典例句

1.It"s a nice/fine/beautiful/horrible day today.今天天气真好/真糟啊!

2.It"s sunny/cloudy/windy/rainy/snowy/foggy.今天天气晴朗/多云/多风/多雨/多雪/多雾。


Topic12 兴趣爱好

与兴趣爱好有关的词汇、短语:

I love...我爱……;

I like...我喜欢……;

I"m interested in...我对……感兴趣;

I"m fond of...我喜欢……;

...is my favorite sport.……是我最喜欢的运动;

I like...best我最喜欢……;

My hobby is...我的爱好是……;

I"m a football fan.我是一个足球迷。


read 读书,watch TV 看电视,go to the movies 去看电影,collect stamps 搜集邮票,listen to music 听音乐,painting 画画,play basketball/volleyball/football 玩篮球/排球/足球,go swimming 去游泳,play the piano/violin 弹钢琴/拉小提琴,play chess 下棋。


常用句型

1.This book is very interesting.这本书很有趣。

2.I like/love the movie very much.我非常喜欢这部电影。

3.I like taking photos.我喜欢拍照。

4.I enjoy listening to music.我喜欢听音乐。

5.I"m interested in science.我对自然科学感兴趣。

7.He is fond of music.他喜欢音乐。



Topic13 学校生活

与学校生活有关的重点单词(短语)

Class 班级;grade 年级;teacher 老师;playground 操场;library 图书馆;classmate 同学;favorite subject 最喜爱的科目;activity 活动;office 办公室;break 课间休息;school trip 学校旅行;do one"s homework 做作业;study for a test 准备考试;learn English 学习英语;have math class 上数学课;the school rules 学校规章制度;be late for class/school 上课/上学迟到;go to school 去上学;school clubs学校俱乐部


经典例句

1.—How many boy students are there in your class?你的班里有多少男同学?

—There are twenty-one boy students in my class.我的班里有二十一名男同学。


2.—What do you think of your English teacher?你觉得你们的英语老师如何啊?

—She is very friendly to us.她对我们很友好。


3.—How do you study English?你如何学英语?

—I study English by taking notes in class.我通过课堂上做笔记来学习英语。


4.—Please don"t eat in class.请不要在课堂上吃东西。

—Sorry ,I won"t.对不起,我不会了。


5.—How was your school trip?你的学校旅行如何啊?

—It was great/OK/good.很好。


6.—I will have an English test tomorrow.我明天有一个英语测试。

—Good luck to you!希望你有好运气!


7.—Our school will have a picnic this weekend.我们学校这个周末有一次野餐。

—Have a good time! 好好玩吧!


Topic14 时间与日期

经典例句

1.—When were you born?你什么时候出生的?

—I was born on August 17th ,1978.我出生于1978年8月17日。


2.—What time do you usually go to school?你通常什么时候去学校?

—I usually go to school at seven o"clock.我通常七点去学校。


3.—What day is it today?今天是周几?

—Today is Monday.今天是周一。


4.—What"s the date today?今天是几号?

—It"s July 18th.7月18日。


5.—What"s the time?/What time is it?几点了?

—It"s eight o"clock in the evening.晚上八点。


6.—Which season do you like best?你最喜欢哪个季节?

—I like summer best.我最喜欢夏季。



Topic15 恭维与应答

经典例句

1.—Your skirt is so beautiful.你的裙子很漂亮。

—Thank you.谢谢。


2.—I have just got my driver"s license.我已经拿到了驾照。

—I"m glad to hear that.听到这我很高兴。


3.—I think you have an excellent son.我认为你有一个优秀的儿子。

—Thank you.谢谢。


4.—Happy birthday to you.生日快乐。

—Thanks a lot.多谢。


5.—It"s very kind of you taking care of my cat when I am away.你在我不在的时侯照顾我的猫真是太好了。

—It"s my pleasure.不客气。


Topic16 职业与外貌

关键词

look like 看起来像;tall 高的;short 矮的;medium height 中等身高;medium build 中等体型;fat 胖的;thin 瘦的;heavy 重的;straight hair 直发;curly hair 卷发;strong 强壮的;blond hair 金黄色头发;brown hair 棕发


经典例句

1.—What do you do?你是做什么的?

—I am an actor.我是一名演员。


2.—What"s your job?你的工作是什么?

—I am a teacher.我是一名教师。


3.—What does he do?他是干什么的?

—He is a doctor.他是一名医生。


4.—What do you want to be when you grow up?当你长大后想干什么?

—I want to be a pilot.我想成为一名飞行员。


5.—What does he want to be when he grows up?当他长大后想干什么?

—He wants to be an engineer.他想成为一名工程师。


7.—What does he look like?他长得什么样子?

—He is of medium height.他中等个子。


8.—What does she look like?她长得什么样子?

—She has long hair.她有长长的头发。

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