【高一】英语上册期末复习知识点1(人教版)

Unit One必会习语

 

1What is sb. like?
What does sb. look like

What does sb. like?
How does sb like/find sth?
2. argue with sb. about sth
和某人争执
3. enjoy/hate sth/ doing sth
4. so / nor/ neither +
系动/助动/情动 + 主语
So it is with...; It is the same with...
5. be into
深感兴趣 =be interested in; have/show interest in
5. be fond of
喜欢 care for; like; enjoy;
6. surf the internet
上网冲浪
7. all the time
一直总是
8. imagine that...; imagine (sb/sb’s) doing sth
imagine sb to be
想像某人是

CHUCK’SFRIEND
7. cast away
抛弃
8. so…that…/such…that…
如此以致
He was so excited that he could not speak.
So excited was he that he could not speak.
It was such a lovely day that we decided to go outing.
It was so lovely a day that we decided to go outing.
It is amusing that such little birds eat so much food.
9. the Pacific Ocean; the Atlantic Ocean;
the Indian Ocean; the arctic Ocean;
10. survive the crash
在空难中幸存
11. a deserted island
荒岛
12. all alone
独自 = all by oneself
区别:alone 单独的;独自的 lonely 孤独的;寂寞的
13. hunt for
搜寻寻找 search for;
12
makefire 生火
13
inorder to 为了 so as to; in order that; so that
14
eventhough/even if 即使,纵然 as if / as though
15
treat…as/like…当作 regard...as...;think of...as
16
sharesth. with sb. 分享 share (in) sth 分享
17
careabout/for 关心,照顾,喜欢
care to do sth
愿意做;care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做
care +
从句愿意;介意
18
shouldhave done 本来应该 =ought to have done
19
makefriends with 交朋友
20
suchas 例如 forexamplefor instance

WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR
21. keep...as a pet
22. regard ...as...; treat...as; think of...as; consider...as/to be
23. be loyal to; be faithful to
be devoted to 忠诚于
24. be quick in mind and action
思维敏捷行动迅速

INTEGRATINGSKILLS
25. have fun
enjoy oneself; have a wonderful time
26. drop me a line
给某人写短信

WORKBOOK
27
keep…inmind 记住 learn...by heart; remember
28
in error / by mistake 由于错误或疏忽
29
tieup (one’s hair) 扎起来 do up
30
runinto 偶然遇见; 遭遇;与...相撞
come across; meet by chance; happen to meet
31
beproud of 而感骄傲 take pride in
32
run arestaurant 开餐馆 start a restaurant
run a business
做生意
33
skipclasses 逃课
33
keepan eye on 照顾; 注视;stare at 盯着看
34
makefun of 取笑某人; laugh at
35. It is possible (for sb) to do;
It is possible/probable/likely that...
Sb. + is (most) likely to do sth.
Sth. + is probable
36
becurious about 感到好奇 be curious that...
have the curiosity about
37. have problems with
... 有问题
38. even if you are thousand miles apart
即使你们分别在几千英里
39. despite = in spite of
尽管;不管 regardless of

 

 

Unit 2 必会习语

 

Warming up
1. for the first time
第一次;首先 at first; first of all
2. have a good flight
(坐飞机)旅途愉快
3. all the way
一路
4. at all
 (否定:根本; 疑问:到底; 条件:竟然)
above all
首先;首要的 after all 毕竟; in all 总共
5. make oneself at home
不拘束, 别客气
6. There you are.
你来了。 Here you are. 给你。

 

ENGLISH AROUND THE WORLD
7. all around the world
世界各地 throughout the world
8. the majority of
大多数的 the minority of
9. in total; in all; altogether
总共
10. the number of …
的数量 (large; small 谓语动词单数)
a number of
一些; 许多
11. except for
除了...之外; 要不是
except
除了...都; besides 除了...还;except +从句
except
(除去)指在整体中除去行为未发生者(不包括在内)
except for (
除了有之外)指在一个整体中除去其中某个或某些因素,前后两个名词性质不同。
except that (
除去;除掉) 后接从句,还有except when, except what; except where
besides (
除了) 包括在整体之内
but (
除了...之外) except 同义,与否定词或疑问词连用
11. communicate with sb.
与...交流,联络
12. have a good knowledge of
对...很熟悉; 通晓

GRAMMAR
祈使句间接引语
Ask sb (not) to do sth
请某人做/不做某事
Tell sb (not) to do sth
让某人不做某事
Order sb (not) to do sth
命令某人做/不做某事
13. help sb. with sth
在某方面帮助某人
help sb do sth; help do sth;
帮助
assist sb with sth; assist sb to do sth;
assist in doing sth.
协助某人做...
14. stand still
站着不动; stay still; lie still
15. leave the door open
让门一直开着
leave the light on
让灯一直亮着
leave sb doing sth
留置/听任...保持...(做某事)的状态
leave... done
留置/听任...保持...(...)的状态
16. turn down
up the radio  把收音机声音关小/开大
turn up
出现 turn down 拒绝
turn off / on
关掉/打开
turn in
上缴; turn out 结果是;被证明是
17. stay up
熬夜; 不睡觉

Integrating skills

18. come about
发生;happen; take place; break out
19. There is no quick answer to this question.
20. in the same way
用同样的方式 in different ways 不同
in this way
这样 in no way 决不
in the way
挡道;妨碍 out of the way 不挡道
in a way
在某种程度上;在某一点上
on the way
在路上;即将发生
by the way
顺便说/问一下;
by way of
经由;经过  
21. stay the same = remain the same.
保持不变
22
atthe same time 同时 =meanwhile
23. end up with
...(形式)告终 begin/start with
end in failure
以失败而告终     
24. more or less
或多或少
25. have difficulty/trouble in doing sth
 做某事有困难
26. a great many; many a; a great number of (
可数)
a great many factories
区分 a great many of the factories
a great deal of; a large amount of; (
不可数)
a large quantity of; large quantities of; plenty of; lots of

27. bring in
带来; 引进 bring out 出版;生产;揭露
bring about
引起;导致 bring up 抚养;培养

WORKBOOK
29. shut up
闭嘴
30
passaway 去世
31
promisesb to do sth 答应某人做某事
promise that...
make a promise
32
makea decision 做出决定=decide
33. marry sb;
与某人结婚 get married to sb
be married to sb
34. at least
至少 at most 最多
35. a little bit
区分:a little; a bit; a bit of; not a bit ; not a little
36. chat on line
网上聊天
37. stay in touch
keep in touch with sb.= keep track of
保持联系
get in touch with;
取得联系 lose touch with 失去联系
38. because of
区分 because
thanks to
多亏了 as a result of 由于...的结果
due to
由于,因为 owing to 由于;因为
39. not only... but also..
(用于句首时,前句倒装)
Not only did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian teacher, she alsobecame very interested in Canada. (
前句倒,后句不倒)
Not only the students but also the teacher doesn’t understand this sentence. (
并列主语,不倒装,谓语就近一致)
40. as many as; as much as
...一样多
as many books as as much money as
His son is as naughty a boy as he used to be when he was young.
41. in the name of
....的名义

 

 

Unit 3必会习语

WARMING UP & SPEAKING
1. consider ...( as/to be)...
认为...
consider sb to have done
认为某人做过某事
consider it +n./adj. for sb to do sth
consider doing sth
考虑要做某事
consider +
疑问词 + to do sth 考虑...
consider that
从句认为;考虑
in consideration of
报答;由于
take ...into consideration
顾及,考虑到
under consideration
在考虑中,在研究中
2. means of transportation/transport
交通方式
Every possible means has been tried, but none worked.
All possible means have been tried, ...
by all means
不惜一切 =in all ways
by this means
用这种方法 =in this way
by no means
决不;一点也不=in no way
by means of
通过,借助于 = by
3. in time
及时;早晚;总有一天 travel in time 在时空中旅行
on time
准时 in no time 马上;立刻
at that time
那时 at times 有时
for the time being
暂时的
4. prefer sth / to do sth / sb to do sth
更喜欢;较喜欢
prefer doing A to doing B
宁愿做某事
prefer A to B;
喜欢A 胜于B = like A better than B
prefer to do A rather than do B
宁愿做A 而不愿做 B
5. in space
在太空 in outer space 在外部空间

ADVENTURE TRAVEL
6. get away (from)
摆脱;离开
break away from
脱离 get rid of 去除
7. more and more
越来越
8. instead of
代替;而不是(区分:insteadrather than
9. try doing
试验做 try to do sth 努力去做;试图作
manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth
设法做到了某事
attempt to do sth; make an attempt to do sth
企图做某事
10. get close to
靠近;接近
11. experience life
体验生活 experience C.n 经历 U.n.经验
12. take exercise
进行锻炼 have sports; do sport
exercise C.n
练习题 (pl) 体操 U.n 锻炼
13. go for a hike = go hiking
去徒步旅行
14. watch out
for...留神;提防
15. protect… from/against …
保护免受
16. be careful (not) to do sth
小心()做某事
be careful about
注意
be careful with
小心;
17. as with ....
也一样 as to / for 至于;关于
18. think about
考虑 think of 想到,想起
think over
仔细考虑 think out 想出
19. go rafting
去漂流
20. unless = if not
除非...否则...
You should not go rafting unless you know how to swim.(
条件)
区分:until
You must not get off the bus until it has stopped.(
时间)

GRAMMAR
现在进行时表示将来的计划,打算
How are you getting to the airport?
一般现在时表示时刻表的将来
My plane leaves at seven this evening.
21. go on separate holidays
分别去度假
22. in a few days’ time = in a few days =a few days later
几天后
after
in 的区分
23. go off to
be off to 动身去 leave for;
24. see sb off
给某人送行 meet sb 接某人
25. take a taxi to
乘出租车 go to ...by taxi
26. have a nice / pleasant trip/journey
祝旅途愉快
27. say “Hi” to sb. for me
代我向某人问好
give my regards to sb
remember me to sb.
28. The same to you.
我也祝愿你。
对比: It’sthe same with... ...也一样
It’s all the same to sb
对某人而言是一样的。
I have the same pencil bag as yours/ you have.
29. in the past
在过去 in the old days
30. at present
目前; at the present time; nowadays
31. in the future
在未来;将来 in future 以后
32. used to do sth
过去常做某事
be used to do sth
被用来做 be used for (doing) sth
be used to sth/doing sth
习惯于 get used to doing

INTEGRATING
SKILLS
33. combine…with…
结合起来 (为了共同目的合并)
connect...with/to...
......连接起来(通过媒介物连接)
link...with/to
join...to...
(直接连接)
34. on (the) one hand… , on the other hand …
一方面…, 另一方面..
35. so that = in order that
为了以便
36. learn about
了解;学习有关知识
37. as well as =and
也;又;以及 as well = too
38. by doing sth...
通过作某事 by means of doing
39. make money
挣钱;赚钱 earn money
40. the four of you
你们四个人
four of you
你们其中的四个人
41. prepare ( sth) for...
做准备... get ready for
prepare sb for sth
使某人为某事做好准备
be well prepared (for);
...做好了充分的准备=be ready for
make preparations for
...做准备
42. make notes
做笔记 take notes
WORKBOOK

43. take off
(飞机)起飞;脱掉(衣帽鞋)
44. go on holiday
去度假 go to (a place) for a holiday
INTEGRATING SKILLS
45. fill…with…
充满… be filled with; be full of 充满了
46. the way (in which/that) +
定语从句
the/a way of doing sth = the/a way to do sth
做某事的方法
47. catch up with
赶上 keep up with 跟上;不落后
48. reach out (for sth)
伸手去(拿,碰)
49. pay attention to
注意
focus one’s attention on
call /draw/attract one’s attention to
吸引某人的注意力于

WRITING
50. give away
赠送,放弃,泄漏(机密)
give up
放弃 give in (to sb) 屈服
give out
分发;发出(光,热,气,味等)
give off
发出(光,热,气,味等)
51. come up with
提出;想到(主意);

 

 

Unit 4 必会习语
WARMING UP & LISTENING & SPEAKING
1. talk about
谈论;议论 talk with sb; talk of 提到
2. host the 2008 Olympic Games
举办2000年奥运会
3. take place = come about; happen
发生
4. be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake)
偶然遇上(雨,交通堵塞,地震等)
5. create a dialogue = make up a dialogue
编对话
6. play tennis
打网球
7. for fun = as a joke
开玩笑的;不是认真的;为了取乐的
8. I hope so. I hope not.
9. shout /call for help
呼救
10. go on (a) holiday
去度假 go to...for a holiday
on holiday
在度假
11. on fire
着火 catch fire 着火;set fireto=set...on fire 纵火
make fire
生火
12. I’m afraid of +n.
害怕
I’m afraid that...
担心
I’m afraid to do sth
不敢做某事
I’m afraid of doing sth
害怕做某事
I’m afraid so.
恐怕是这样
I’m afraid not.
恐怕不会。

THE RESCUE
13. a natural disaster
自然灾害
14. hear/see sb. doing sth
听见/看见某人正在做某事
hear/ see sb do sth
听见/看见某人做过某事
(
五看二听一感觉)
15. look around
环顾;四处看
16. advance towards
前进
17. before +
从句还没来得及...
18. be upon
逼近;临近
19. sweep sb down
...冲到了
20. drag
拖拉(重物);(比较艰难缓慢,有阻力)
drag oneself along
拖着沉重的步子走
pull
拉;扯(应用范围比较广)
pull a tooth
拔牙 pull the door open 拉开门
pull at
拉扯 pull up 拉起来;拉上来
draw
拉(比较从容、平稳不费力)
draw one’s attention
吸引注意;draw a conclusion 得出结论
draw back
后退 draw money from bank 从银行取钱
draw near
就要来临;逼近
21. get on one’s feet
(艰难的)站起来 get up; stand up
22. hold on to
抓住
23. pull up
拉起来;拉上来
24. against the wall
倚着墙
25. fight for
而战 struggle for 而斗争
26. look into
里面看;浏览;调查
look into one’s eyes
注视着某人 stare at; fix one’s eyes on;
look sb in the mirror
照镜子
look sb up and down
上下打量某人
20. with a look of fright
害怕的;恐惧的
21. around the corner
即将来临,on its way; draw near
in store
22. cut down
砍倒;削减 cut up 切碎 cut off 切断
cut in
插嘴;加塞 cut out 删除;剪下来 cut away 剪掉
23. three meters deep
三米深 three metres in depth
a three-meter-deep hole = a hole of three meters deep
24. sweep away (
) 吹走;(浪)卷走;
sweep down
吹倒;席卷;冲倒
25. work out
计算出;想出(办法);制定(计划);
work at
从事;致力于 work on 继续工作;从事于
26. refer to
指的是;谈到;提到;查阅
WORD
STUDY & GRAMMAR
定语从句:限制性定语从句,非限制性定语从句
27. strike
,普通用词,打一下;打几下,不一定有意;敲钟 hit击中,打,对准,着重敲打或打击对方的某一点
beat
,连续的打击; 如殴打或体罚等;游戏竞赛战争中击败
knock
敲;打;撞击
27. advance the deadline
提前最后期限;
28
pullat/on 拉一下
29. seize an opportunity/chance
抓住机会 =grasp/take/grab...
chance
可能性 U.n. & C.n
There is a chance/no chance of sb doing sth
that
从句
The chances /chances are that...
可能...
by chance
偶然
30.
(区分:pay;cost; spend; take
sb pay money for sth
sth cost sb money
sb spend money on sth; sb spend time/money in doing sth
It takes sb time to do sth
31. in town
在城里 in the country(side) 在乡下
go to town
进城 go to the country(side) 下乡
INTEGRATING SKILLS
32
take a photo of sb / sb doing sth 照相
33. in a second = in a very shore time
34. a two-day trip
一次两天的旅行
35. the next morning
第二天早上
WORKBOOK
36. on the morning of April 18th, 1906
37. as a result of
由于的结果 as a consequence of
34. A +
动词/be + ten times larger than+B 大十倍
A +
动词/be+ten times as large as+B 的十倍
A +
动词/be+ten times the size of+B 的十倍
(number/amount/height/length/depth/width/age)

 

 

Unit 5 必会习语
SPEAKING
1. while still a student = while she was still a student
还是个学生的时候(状语从句的省略现象)
(you) Don’t talk while (you are) eating.
When (he was) asked how he gained first place, he suddenly
became cheerful.
The boys will go out to play football whenever (it is) possible.
I won’t go to his birthday party unless (I am) invited.
2. play/act a role
扮演角色
play the role of...
play a part/role in...
...中起作用
3. after graduating/graduation (from...)
毕业以后
4. work as an actress
做演员
5. during/in the 1980s
二十世纪八十年代
6. win a prize
获奖 win a game/a battle/honour
beat/defeat sb
打败某人 win sb. 把某人争取过来
7. get married (to sb);
结婚(瞬间)=marry sb.
be married (to sb)
结婚(延续)
7. in the beginning = at first
开始的时候
反义;inthe end = at last; finally; eventually 最后
8. make money
赚钱 earn money

GETTING TO KNOW STEVEN SPIELBERG
9. make a film
blockbusterfollow-ups 拍电影/巨片/续集
10. The reason……is that…..
原因是
This is because...
这是因为...
for this reason ; for some reason; for some reasons
the reason for +n./doing sth
the reason why/ for which...
定语从句
reason
cause 的区别
cause of the fire/accident
11. work on
从事于;制作
12. take off
起飞;脱掉;很快上升; 开始流行/畅销
13. by the sea
在海边; by sea 乘船; in the sea 在海里
on the sea
在海面上 at sea 在海上;航海中;茫然
14. be afraid to do sth
不敢作某事
be afraid of doing sth
害怕做某事
be afraid that
担心;恐怕
15. come from outer space
来自外部空间
16. cut
tear…into pieces 切/撕成碎片
cut/tear ... into halves
.../撕成两半
17. do research (in/into...)
搞研究
18. go wrong
出错;出故障;走错道 do a little wrong
19. in the end
最后;终于 at the end of末尾/尽头
by the end of
末为止
19. meat-eating dinosaurs
食肉恐龙
20. owe sth to sb. = owe sb sth
归功于;感谢;欠(债)
WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR
21. can’t help doing sth
情不自禁,忍不住做某事
can’t help do sth
不能帮忙做某事
22. pass the exam
考试及格 fail (in) the exam 考试不及格
NOT ONE LESS
23. a thirteen-year-old girl
十三岁小姑娘
a girl of thirteen years old; a girl of thirteen years of age;
a girl aged thirteen
24. stay/be away for a month
离开一个月
25. take one’s place; take the place of
代替
26. lock …up
锁起来
27. run after
追赶;追求;追捕 be after
28. escape (from)...
...逃离
escape from / flee (from) /run away from a country
escape doing sth

escape being caught
没有被抓住
catch sb doing sth; be caught doing sth
29. run away from school
逃学 skip classes
30. determine to do sth
make up one’s minddecide
be determined to do sth
决意/ 决心做某事
31. go to town
进城 in town 在城里
go to the country in the country
32. on the air
正在广播; 播送 =be broadcast
go on the air
开始广播 go off the air 停止广播
in the air
在空中; (消息等)在传播, 悬而未决的
by air = by plane
33. live adj
活的(动物);现场直播的; adv. 以实况的
living adj
活着的;有生命的;现行的(前置定语;表语)
alive adj
活着的,后置定语;表语)
a living language
现行的语言
the greatest living poet
当代最伟大的诗人
a live fish
活鱼
the live gala on New Year’s Eve
直播的新年除夕晚会
the only man alive
唯一还活着的人
34. all the other pupils
所有其他学生
35. together with
一起
36. in one’s own words
用自己的话 in other words 换句话说
37. make comments on / make a comment on
发表评论
38. give one’s opinions about
发表意见
39. think highly/well of =speak highly of
40. encourage sb to do sth
WORKBOOK
39. lead to + n.
通往;导致 result in; cause sb to do sth
lead sb to do sth
导致某人作某事 lead to sb doing sth
lead sb (in) doing sth;
带领某人做
lead sb +
介词短语
40. make/earn a living
谋生
41. at a high /low price
以高/低价
42. make a decision
做出决定
43. accept one’s apology
接受某人的道歉
apologize to sb; make an apology to sb.
向某人道歉
44. break down
出故障;坏了;分解 break up 拆散
45. at full / high speed
高速 at a speed of 100 miles per hour
speed up
加速 speed by 飞驰而过
46. the World Cup Final
世界杯决赛
47. think highly/well of
高度评价 speak highly of
48. observe / obey the law
遵守法律 break the law
49. give sb a second look
再看某人一眼
50. make a fool of sb
愚弄某人 = fool sb.
51. turn out
结果变成
52. depend on / rely on
依靠,依赖
53. stand by sb
支持某人 support sb /take sb’s side
54. meet with
遇见
55. encourage sb to do sth
鼓励某人干某事
56. lead the life of a real princess
过上真正的公主生活
57. make one’s career
在事业上有所成就
58. be clear about
清楚
59. combine ….with…
结合起来
60. compare…with…
比较
compare...to...
...比作...
compared to/with
...相比
Compared to men, fewer women smoke in China.


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