【高一】英语上册期末复习知识点1(人教版)

Unit One必会习语

 

1.What is sb. like?
What does sb. look like?
What does sb. like?
How does sb like/find sth?
2. argue with sb. about sth 因…和某人争执
3. enjoy/hate sth/ doing sth
4. so / nor/ neither + 系动/助动/情动 + 主语
So it is with...; It is the same with...
5. be into 对…深感兴趣 =be interested in; have/show interest in
5. be fond of 喜欢 care for; like; enjoy;
6. surf the internet 上网冲浪
7. all the time 一直总是
8. imagine that...; imagine (sb/sb’s) doing sth
imagine sb to be 想像某人是

CHUCK’SFRIEND
7. cast away 抛弃
8. so…that…/such…that… 如此…以致…
He was so excited that he could not speak.
So excited was he that he could not speak.
It was such a lovely day that we decided to go outing.
It was so lovely a day that we decided to go outing.
It is amusing that such little birds eat so much food.
9. the Pacific Ocean; the Atlantic Ocean;
the Indian Ocean; the arctic Ocean;
10. survive the crash 在空难中幸存
11. a deserted island 荒岛
12. all alone 独自 = all by oneself
区别:alone 单独的;独自的 lonely 孤独的;寂寞的
13. hunt for 搜寻寻找 search for;
12.makefire 生火
13.inorder to 为了 so as to; in order that; so that
14.eventhough/even if 即使,纵然 as if / as though
15.treat…as/like…把…当作 regard...as...;think of...as
16.sharesth. with sb. 与…分享 share (in) sth 分享
17.careabout/for 关心,照顾,喜欢
care to do sth 愿意做;care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做
care + 从句愿意;介意
18.shouldhave done 本来应该 =ought to have done
19.makefriends with 与…交朋友
20.suchas 例如 forexample;for instance

WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR
21. keep...as a pet
22. regard ...as...; treat...as; think of...as; consider...as/to be
23. be loyal to; be faithful to;be devoted to 忠诚于
24. be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速

INTEGRATINGSKILLS
25. have fun; enjoy oneself; have a wonderful time
26. drop me a line 给某人写短信

WORKBOOK
27.keep…inmind 把…记住 learn...by heart; remember
28.in error / by mistake 由于错误或疏忽
29.tieup (one’s hair) 扎起来 do up
30.runinto 偶然遇见; 遭遇;与...相撞
come across; meet by chance; happen to meet
31.beproud of 以…而感骄傲 take pride in
32.run arestaurant 开餐馆 start a restaurant
run a business 做生意
33.skipclasses 逃课
33.keepan eye on 照顾; 注视;stare at 盯着看
34.makefun of 取笑某人; laugh at
35. It is possible (for sb) to do;
It is possible/probable/likely that...
Sb. + is (most) likely to do sth.
Sth. + is probable
36.becurious about 对…感到好奇 be curious that...
have the curiosity about
37. have problems with 在... 有问题
38. even if you are thousand miles apart即使你们分别在几千英里
39. despite = in spite of 尽管;不管 regardless of

 

 

Unit 2 必会习语

 

Warming up
1. for the first time 第一次;首先 at first; first of all
2. have a good flight (坐飞机)旅途愉快
3. all the way 一路
4. at all (否定:根本; 疑问:到底; 条件:竟然)
above all 首先;首要的 after all 毕竟; in all 总共
5. make oneself at home 不拘束, 别客气
6. There you are. 你来了。 Here you are. 给你。

 

ENGLISH AROUND THE WORLD
7. all around the world 世界各地 throughout the world
8. the majority of 大多数的 the minority of
9. in total; in all; altogether 总共
10. the number of …的数量 (large; small 谓语动词单数)
a number of 一些; 许多
11. except for 除了...之外; 要不是
except 除了...都; besides 除了...还;except +从句
except (除去)指在整体中除去行为未发生者(不包括在内)
except for (除了有…之外)指在一个整体中除去其中某个或某些因素,前后两个名词性质不同。
except that (除去;除掉) 后接从句,还有except when, except what; except where等
besides (除了…还) 包括在整体之内
but (除了...之外) 和except 同义,与否定词或疑问词连用
11. communicate with sb. 与...交流,联络
12. have a good knowledge of 对...很熟悉; 通晓

GRAMMAR 祈使句间接引语
Ask sb (not) to do sth 请某人做/不做某事
Tell sb (not) to do sth 让某人不做某事
Order sb (not) to do sth 命令某人做/不做某事
13. help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助某人
help sb do sth; help do sth; 帮助
assist sb with sth; assist sb to do sth;
assist in doing sth. 协助某人做...
14. stand still 站着不动; stay still; lie still
15. leave the door open 让门一直开着
leave the light on 让灯一直亮着
leave sb doing sth 留置/听任...保持...(做某事)的状态
leave... done 留置/听任...保持...(被...)的状态
16. turn down /up the radio  把收音机声音关小/开大
turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝
turn off / on 关掉/打开
turn in 上缴; turn out 结果是;被证明是
17. stay up 熬夜; 不睡觉

Integrating skills
18. come about 发生;happen; take place; break out
19. There is no quick answer to this question.
20. in the same way 用同样的方式 in different ways 不同
in this way 这样 in no way 决不
in the way 挡道;妨碍 out of the way 不挡道
in a way 在某种程度上;在某一点上
on the way 在路上;即将发生
by the way 顺便说/问一下;
by way of 经由;经过  
21. stay the same = remain the same. 保持不变
22.atthe same time 同时 =meanwhile
23. end up with 以...(形式)告终 begin/start with
end in failure 以失败而告终     
24. more or less 或多或少
25. have difficulty/trouble in doing sth  做某事有困难
26. a great many; many a; a great number of (可数)
a great many factories 区分 a great many of the factories
a great deal of; a large amount of; (不可数)
a large quantity of; large quantities of; plenty of; lots of
27. bring in 带来; 引进 bring out 出版;生产;揭露
bring about 引起;导致 bring up 抚养;培养

WORKBOOK
29. shut up 闭嘴
30.passaway 去世
31.promisesb to do sth 答应某人做某事
promise that...
make a promise
32.makea decision 做出决定=decide
33. marry sb; 与某人结婚 get married to sb
be married to sb
34. at least 至少 at most 最多
35. a little bit 区分:a little; a bit; a bit of; not a bit ; not a little
36. chat on line 网上聊天
37. stay in touch =keep in touch with sb.= keep track of
保持联系
get in touch with; 取得联系 lose touch with 失去联系
38. because of 区分 because
thanks to 多亏了 as a result of 由于...的结果
due to 由于,因为 owing to 由于;因为
39. not only... but also.. (用于句首时,前句倒装)
Not only did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian teacher, she alsobecame very interested in Canada. (前句倒,后句不倒)
Not only the students but also the teacher doesn’t understand this sentence. (并列主语,不倒装,谓语就近一致)
40. as many as; as much as 和...一样多
as many books as as much money as
His son is as naughty a boy as he used to be when he was young.
41. in the name of 以....的名义

 

 

Unit 3必会习语

WARMING UP & SPEAKING
1. consider ...( as/to be)... 认为...是
consider sb to have done 认为某人做过某事
consider it +n./adj. for sb to do sth
consider doing sth 考虑要做某事
consider +疑问词 + to do sth 考虑...
consider that从句认为;考虑
in consideration of 报答;由于
take ...into consideration 顾及,考虑到
under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中
2. means of transportation/transport 交通方式
Every possible means has been tried, but none worked.
All possible means have been tried, ...
by all means 不惜一切 =in all ways
by this means 用这种方法 =in this way
by no means 决不;一点也不=in no way
by means of 通过,借助于 = by
3. in time 及时;早晚;总有一天 travel in time 在时空中旅行
on time 准时 in no time 马上;立刻
at that time 那时 at times 有时
for the time being 暂时的
4. prefer sth / to do sth / sb to do sth 更喜欢;较喜欢
prefer doing A to doing B 宁愿做某事
prefer A to B; 喜欢A 胜于B = like A better than B
prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A 而不愿做 B
5. in space 在太空 in outer space 在外部空间

ADVENTURE TRAVEL
6. get away (from) 摆脱;离开
break away from 脱离 get rid of 去除
7. more and more 越来越…
8. instead of 代替;而不是(区分:instead)rather than
9. try doing 试验做 try to do sth 努力去做;试图作
manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth 设法做到了某事
attempt to do sth; make an attempt to do sth 企图做某事
10. get close to 靠近;接近
11. experience life 体验生活 experience C.n 经历 U.n.经验
12. take exercise 进行锻炼 have sports; do sport
exercise C.n 练习题 (pl) 体操 U.n 锻炼
13. go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行
14. watch out (for...)留神;提防
15. protect… from/against … 保护…免受…
16. be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事
be careful about 注意
be careful with 小心;
17. as with ....也一样 as to / for 至于;关于
18. think about 考虑 think of 想到,想起
think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出
19. go rafting 去漂流
20. unless = if not 除非...否则...
You should not go rafting unless you know how to swim.(条件)
区分:until
You must not get off the bus until it has stopped.(时间)

GRAMMAR
现在进行时表示将来的计划,打算
How are you getting to the airport?
一般现在时表示时刻表的将来
My plane leaves at seven this evening.
21. go on separate holidays 分别去度假
22. in a few days’ time = in a few days =a few days later 几天后
after 和 in 的区分
23. go off to ; be off to 动身去 leave for;
24. see sb off 给某人送行 meet sb 接某人
25. take a taxi to 乘出租车 go to ...by taxi
26. have a nice / pleasant trip/journey 祝旅途愉快
27. say “Hi” to sb. for me 代我向某人问好
give my regards to sb
remember me to sb.
28. The same to you. 我也祝愿你。
对比: It’sthe same with... ...也一样
It’s all the same to sb 对某人而言是一样的。
I have the same pencil bag as yours/ you have.
29. in the past 在过去 in the old days
30. at present 目前; at the present time; nowadays
31. in the future 在未来;将来 in future 以后
32. used to do sth 过去常做某事
be used to do sth 被用来做 be used for (doing) sth
be used to sth/doing sth 习惯于 get used to doing

INTEGRATINGSKILLS
33. combine…with… 把…和…结合起来 (为了共同目的合并)
connect...with/to... 把...和...连接起来(通过媒介物连接)
link...with/to
join...to... (直接连接)
34. on (the) one hand… , on the other hand …
一方面…, 另一方面..
35. so that = in order that 为了…;以便…
36. learn about 了解;学习有关…知识
37. as well as =and 也;又;以及 as well = too
38. by doing sth... 通过作某事 by means of doing
39. make money 挣钱;赚钱 earn money
40. the four of you 你们四个人
four of you 你们其中的四个人
41. prepare ( sth) for... 为…做准备... get ready for
prepare sb for sth 使某人为某事做好准备
be well prepared (for); 为...做好了充分的准备=be ready for
make preparations for 为...做准备
42. make notes 做笔记 take notes
WORKBOOK

43. take off (飞机)起飞;脱掉(衣帽鞋)
44. go on holiday 去度假 go to (a place) for a holiday
INTEGRATING SKILLS
45. fill…with… 给…充满… be filled with; be full of 充满了
46. the way (in which/that) + 定语从句
the/a way of doing sth = the/a way to do sth 做某事的方法
47. catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上;不落后
48. reach out (for sth) 伸手去(拿,碰)
49. pay attention to 注意
focus one’s attention on
call /draw/attract one’s attention to 吸引某人的注意力于

WRITING
50. give away 赠送,放弃,泄漏(机密)
give up 放弃 give in (to sb) 屈服
give out 分发;发出(光,热,气,味等)
give off 发出(光,热,气,味等)
51. come up with 提出;想到(主意);

 

 

Unit 4 必会习语
WARMING UP & LISTENING & SPEAKING
1. talk about 谈论;议论 talk with sb; talk of 提到
2. host the 2008 Olympic Games 举办2000年奥运会
3. take place = come about; happen 发生
4. be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake)
偶然遇上(雨,交通堵塞,地震等)
5. create a dialogue = make up a dialogue 编对话
6. play tennis 打网球
7. for fun = as a joke 开玩笑的;不是认真的;为了取乐的
8. I hope so. I hope not.
9. shout /call for help 呼救
10. go on (a) holiday 去度假 go to...for a holiday
on holiday 在度假
11. on fire 着火 catch fire 着火;set fireto=set...on fire 纵火
make fire 生火
12. I’m afraid of +n. 害怕
I’m afraid that... 担心
I’m afraid to do sth 不敢做某事
I’m afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事
I’m afraid so. 恐怕是这样
I’m afraid not. 恐怕不会。

THE RESCUE
13. a natural disaster 自然灾害
14. hear/see sb. doing sth 听见/看见某人正在做某事
hear/ see sb do sth 听见/看见某人做过某事
(五看二听一感觉)
15. look around 环顾;四处看
16. advance towards 朝…前进
17. before +从句还没来得及...
18. be upon 逼近;临近
19. sweep sb down 把...冲到了
20. drag 拖拉(重物);(比较艰难缓慢,有阻力)
drag oneself along 拖着沉重的步子走
pull 拉;扯(应用范围比较广)
pull a tooth 拔牙 pull the door open 拉开门
pull at 拉扯 pull up 拉起来;拉上来
draw 拉(比较从容、平稳不费力)
draw one’s attention 吸引注意;draw a conclusion 得出结论
draw back 后退 draw money from bank 从银行取钱
draw near 就要来临;逼近
21. get on one’s feet (艰难的)站起来 get up; stand up
22. hold on to 抓住
23. pull up 拉起来;拉上来
24. against the wall 倚着墙
25. fight for 为…而战 struggle for 为…而斗争
26. look into 往…里面看;浏览;调查
look into one’s eyes 注视着某人 stare at; fix one’s eyes on;
look sb in the mirror 照镜子
look sb up and down 上下打量某人
20. with a look of fright 害怕的;恐惧的
21. around the corner 即将来临,on its way; draw near;
in store
22. cut down 砍倒;削减 cut up 切碎 cut off 切断
cut in 插嘴;加塞 cut out 删除;剪下来 cut away 剪掉
23. three meters deep 三米深 three metres in depth
a three-meter-deep hole = a hole of three meters deep
24. sweep away (风) 吹走;(浪)卷走;
sweep down 吹倒;席卷;冲倒
25. work out 计算出;想出(办法);制定(计划);
work at 从事;致力于 work on 继续工作;从事于
26. refer to 指的是;谈到;提到;查阅
WORDSTUDY & GRAMMAR
定语从句:限制性定语从句,非限制性定语从句
27. strike,普通用词,“打一下;打几下”,不一定有意;“敲钟”。 hit,“击中,打,对准”,着重敲打或打击对方的某一点
beat,连续的打击; 如殴打或体罚等;游戏竞赛战争中击败
knock 敲;打;撞击
27. advance the deadline 提前最后期限;
28.pullat/on 拉一下
29. seize an opportunity/chance 抓住机会 =grasp/take/grab...
chance 可能性 U.n. & C.n
There is a chance/no chance of sb doing sth
that 从句
The chances /chances are that... 可能...
by chance 偶然
30. (区分:pay;cost; spend; take)
sb pay money for sth
sth cost sb money
sb spend money on sth; sb spend time/money in doing sth
It takes sb time to do sth
31. in town 在城里 in the country(side) 在乡下
go to town 进城 go to the country(side) 下乡
INTEGRATING SKILLS
32.take a photo of sb / sb doing sth 给…照相
33. in a second = in a very shore time
34. a two-day trip 一次两天的旅行
35. the next morning 第二天早上
WORKBOOK
36. on the morning of April 18th, 1906
37. as a result of 由于…的结果 as a consequence of
34. A +动词/be + ten times larger than+B 比…大十倍
A +动词/be+ten times as large as+B 是…的十倍
A +动词/be+ten times the size of+B 是…的十倍
(number/amount/height/length/depth/width/age)

 

 

Unit 5 必会习语
SPEAKING
1. while still a student = while she was still a student 还是个学生的时候(状语从句的省略现象)
(you) Don’t talk while (you are) eating.
When (he was) asked how he gained first place, he suddenly
became cheerful.
The boys will go out to play football whenever (it is) possible.
I won’t go to his birthday party unless (I am) invited.
2. play/act a role 扮演角色
play the role of...
play a part/role in... 在...中起作用
3. after graduating/graduation (from...) 毕业以后
4. work as an actress 做演员
5. during/in the 1980s 二十世纪八十年代
6. win a prize 获奖 win a game/a battle/honour
beat/defeat sb 打败某人 win sb. 把某人争取过来
7. get married (to sb); 结婚(瞬间)=marry sb.
be married (to sb) 结婚(延续)
7. in the beginning = at first 开始的时候
反义;inthe end = at last; finally; eventually 最后
8. make money 赚钱 earn money

GETTING TO KNOW STEVEN SPIELBERG
9. make a film /blockbuster/follow-ups 拍电影/巨片/续集
10. The reason……is that….. 原因是…
This is because... 这是因为...
for this reason ; for some reason; for some reasons
the reason for +n./doing sth
the reason why/ for which... 定语从句
reason 与 cause 的区别
cause of the fire/accident
11. work on 从事于;制作
12. take off 起飞;脱掉;很快上升; 开始流行/畅销
13. by the sea 在海边; by sea 乘船; in the sea 在海里
on the sea 在海面上 at sea 在海上;航海中;茫然
14. be afraid to do sth 不敢作某事
be afraid of doing sth害怕做某事
be afraid that 担心;恐怕
15. come from outer space 来自外部空间
16. cut/tear…into pieces 把…切/撕成碎片
cut/tear ... into halves 把...切/撕成两半
17. do research (in/into...) 搞研究
18. go wrong 出错;出故障;走错道 do a little wrong
19. in the end 最后;终于 at the end of在…末尾/尽头
by the end of 到…末为止
19. meat-eating dinosaurs 食肉恐龙
20. owe sth to sb. = owe sb sth 把…归功于;感谢;欠(债)
WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR
21. can’t help doing sth 情不自禁,忍不住做某事
can’t help do sth 不能帮忙做某事
22. pass the exam 考试及格 fail (in) the exam 考试不及格
NOT ONE LESS
23. a thirteen-year-old girl 十三岁小姑娘
a girl of thirteen years old; a girl of thirteen years of age;
a girl aged thirteen
24. stay/be away for a month 离开一个月
25. take one’s place; take the place of 代替
26. lock …up 把…锁起来
27. run after 追赶;追求;追捕 be after
28. escape (from)... 从...逃离
escape from / flee (from) /run away from a country
escape doing sth ;
escape being caught 没有被抓住
catch sb doing sth; be caught doing sth
29. run away from school 逃学 skip classes
30. determine to do sth;make up one’s mind;decide
be determined to do sth 决意/ 决心做某事
31. go to town 进城 in town 在城里
go to the country in the country
32. on the air 正在广播; 播送 =be broadcast
go on the air 开始广播 go off the air 停止广播
in the air在空中; (消息等)在传播, 悬而未决的
by air = by plane
33. live adj 活的(动物);现场直播的; adv. 以实况的
living adj 活着的;有生命的;现行的(前置定语;表语)
alive adj 活着的,(后置定语;表语)
a living language 现行的语言
the greatest living poet 当代最伟大的诗人
a live fish 活鱼
the live gala on New Year’s Eve 直播的新年除夕晚会
the only man alive 唯一还活着的人
34. all the other pupils 所有其他学生
35. together with 和…一起
36. in one’s own words 用自己的话 in other words 换句话说
37. make comments on / make a comment on 对…发表评论
38. give one’s opinions about 对…发表意见
39. think highly/well of =speak highly of
40. encourage sb to do sth
WORKBOOK
39. lead to + n. 通往;导致 result in; cause sb to do sth
lead sb to do sth 导致某人作某事 lead to sb doing sth
lead sb (in) doing sth; 带领某人做
lead sb + 介词短语
40. make/earn a living 谋生
41. at a high /low price 以高/低价
42. make a decision 做出决定
43. accept one’s apology 接受某人的道歉
apologize to sb; make an apology to sb. 向某人道歉
44. break down 出故障;坏了;分解 break up 拆散
45. at full / high speed 高速 at a speed of 100 miles per hour
speed up 加速 speed by 飞驰而过
46. the World Cup Final 世界杯决赛
47. think highly/well of 对…高度评价 speak highly of
48. observe / obey the law 遵守法律 break the law
49. give sb a second look 再看某人一眼
50. make a fool of sb 愚弄某人 = fool sb.
51. turn out 结果变成
52. depend on / rely on 依靠,依赖
53. stand by sb 支持某人 support sb /take sb’s side
54. meet with 遇见
55. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人干某事
56. lead the life of a real princess 过上真正的公主生活
57. make one’s career 在事业上有所成就
58. be clear about 对…清楚
59. combine ….with…把…和…结合起来
60. compare…with…把…和…比较
compare...to... 把...比作...
compared to/with 与...相比
Compared to men, fewer women smoke in China.


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